Removal of Lead Using Novel Composite Synthesized from Rice Husk and Used Tea Leaves Extract

Md. Mukter Alam , Azmira Sultana, Md. Rayhan Sarker , Md. Delwar Hossain, Md. Abdul Jabbar

2024 / Volume 7 / Pages 1118-1142
Received 2 April 2024; Accepted 31 May 2024; Published 17 June 2024

Untreated industrial effluents, particularly from tanneries and heavy industries, are the main source of heavy metal pollution, which poses serious environmental risks. Lead is one of the most toxic heavy metals, adversely affects human functioning and accumulates in the environment. This study presents ACUTLaqE (Activated Carbon-Used Tea Leaves Aqueous Extract) as an effective adsorbent for Pb2+ ion removal from their aqueous solution. The composite was synthesized by blending activated carbon from rice husks with a tea extract solution and characterized using SEM, XRD, and FTIR spectroscopy. Batch tests demonstrated that ACUTLaqE is highly efficient, removing about 99% of Pb2+ ions at an adsorbent dose of 2 g/L within 30 minutes. The adsorption data conformed well to the Langmuir isotherm model, suggesting a homogeneous monolayer formation on the composite surface. The qm was 38.61 mg/g, with an RL value close to 0, indicating highly favourable adsorption. Thermodynamic parameters showed negative Gibbs free energy (ΔG⁰) values, reflecting a spontaneous adsorption process. The enthalpy (ΔH⁰) and entropy (ΔS⁰) changes were 66.86 KJmol-1 and 257.12 JK-1mol-1, respectively. The adsorption mechanism involved electrostatic interactions and surface complexation with the composite’s hydroxyl and carboxyl groups. These findings suggest that ACUTLaqE is a promising adsorbent material for Pb2+ and potentially other heavy metals removal from industrial effluents.

rice husk, tea extract, ACUTLaqE composite, lead, adsorption