Simultaneous Removal of Cadmium and Disperse Black-9 Dye Using Chemically Modified Rice Husk-Derived Activated Carbon

Md. Mukter Alam , Azmira Sultana, Md. Abdul Jabbar

2024 / Volume 7 / Pages 806-830
Received 21 March 2024; Accepted 13 May 2024; Published 20 May 2024

Heavy metals and organic dyes pose significant environmental concerns due to their persistence, toxicity, and tendency to accumulate in the food chain. These pollutants are often discharged from various industrial sources without proper management, resulting in unacceptable damage to the environment. The use of low-cost agricultural by-products can be a sustainable and green solution for the industrial effluent treatment process. In the present research, the effective removal of Cd2+ and disperse black‒9 (DB‒9) dye simultaneously was planned through the adsorption method utilizing specially activated carbon (AC) derived from rice husk. FTIR, SEM, and XRD were used to characterize the produced AC. The adsorption studies showed that approximately 88% of the dye DB‒9 and 97% of Cd2+ were adsorbed by using optimal dosages of the AC, which were 16 g/L and 12 g/L, respectively. In addition, it was successfully demonstrated that Cd2+ adsorbed AC was capable of binding with DB‒9 and also DB‒9 adsorbed AC is capable of binding with Cd2+. Therefore, a novel strategy for the simultaneous elimination of Cd2+ and DB-9 ideas was successfully implemented in the current study. In addition, equilibrium data were examined to assess the adsorbate-adsorbent system’s isotherms. The Langmuir isotherm was determined to be the most well-fitting, with a maximum uptake of 11.48 mg/g. Thermodynamic study (ΔG⁰) showed that the adsorption process was spontaneous, and the adsorption process followed pseudo-second-order kinetics.

cadmium, disperse back‒9 dye, rice husk, activated carbon, removal, wastewater