Enhancing Antimicrobial and Fastness Properties of Silk and Lyocell Fabric by Dyeing with Azadirachta indica and Mordanting with Citrus limon Extract

Jyoti Rani, Ramratan Guru , Satyanarayan Panigrahi

2024 / Volume 7 / Pages 403-420
Received 2 January2024; Accepted 22 February 2024; Published 11 March 2024

Antimicrobial resistance presents a substantial global health challenge, prompting the exploration of innovative strategies to combat pathogenic bacteria. Within this context, considerable attention has been directed towards textile materials treated with antimicrobial agents for their potential to mitigate the spread of infectious diseases. This research sought to investigate the influence of Neem dyeing and Lemon mordanting on enhancing the innate antimicrobial properties of Silk and Lyocell fabric. Textile materials underwent mordanting exclusively with natural agents, such as citrus lemon extract, to enhance dye adherence. The dyeing process involved the use of Azadirachta indica dye obtained through aqueous boiling, applied to lyocell and silk fabrics under various parameters. The key findings revealed a significant augmentation in the antimicrobial effectiveness of lyocell and silk fabrics following Neem dyeing and Lemon mordanting. Optimized conditions, including prolonged dyeing time, elevated temperatures, and constant dye concentrations, notably improved inhibition percentages against common pathogens like Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella pneumoniae. Furthermore, the study assessed the washing and perspiration fastness properties of silk and lyocell fabrics in accordance with established standards. In conclusion, the integration of Neem dyeing and Lemon mordanting emerges as a promising method to significantly enhance the antimicrobial efficacy of Lyocell and silk fabrics. This approach opens avenues for the development of textiles with heightened infection control properties, particularly in sectors focused on public health and hygiene. The evaluation of fastness properties also yielded excellent results, further supporting the viability of this method in academic and practical contexts. Considering the global challenge of antimicrobial resistance, adopting such innovative strategies in textile treatment can contribute significantly to the development of effective and sustainable solutions. Future research endeavours may explore additional applications and variations of this method, ensuring its adaptability and widespread implementation in diverse settings.

silk, lyocell fabric, antimicrobial properties, Azadirachta indica, lemon, dyeing, mordanting